human medical products Archives - European Industrial Pharmacists Group (EIPG)

A concept paper on the revision of Annex 11

This concept paper addresses the need to update Annex 11, Computerised Systems, of the Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) guideline. Annex 11 is common to the member states of the European Union (EU)/European Economic Area (EEA) as well as to Read more

What happens after IP loss of protection

by Giuliana Miglierini What does it happen under a competitiveness perspective once intellectual property (IP) protection for medicinal products expired? And what is the impact of the new entries on generics and biosimilars already in the market? The role of competitor Read more

The FDA warns about the manufacture medicinal and non-pharmaceutical products on the same equipment

by Giuliana Miglierini A Warning Letter, sent in September 2022 by the US FDA to a German company after an inspection, addresses the possibility to use the same equipment for the manufacturing of pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical products. The FDA reject Read more

The transition towards EMA’s new Digital Application Dataset Integration (DADI) user interface

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

by Giuliana Miglierini

The Digital Application Dataset Integration (DADI) network project is aimed to replace the current PDF-based electronic applications forms (eAFs) used for regulatory submissions with new web-forms accessible through the DADI user interface.

The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has released the updated timeline for the implementation of the project, which will at first affect variation forms for human medicinal products. The ongoing phase of User Acceptance Testing (UAT) by members of the DADI Subject Matter Expert (SME) Group (including representatives of EMA, national competent authorities and the industry) is expected to close in August 2022, followed by a second round of testing with external users, representatives of the different stakeholders.

The final release of the new form is currently scheduled for October 2022; a six month transition period shall then apply, during which both the PDF eAF and the web-based form can be used in parallel. Further information of the scope and implementation of the new DADI interface is available in the Q&A document published by EMA. An updated Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) mapping spreadsheet is also available, containing all attributes that are required by the Notice to Applicants; the attributes have been made consistent with the ISO Identification of Medicinal Products (IDMP), so that the DADI form also supports the submission of structured data to EMA’s Product Management Service (PMS).

A short history of the project

The DADI project is aimed to improve the interoperability of data; it builds upon the Common European Single Submission Portal (CESSP) Phase 1 project (2016-2020). Seven national competent authorities (NCAs), from Austria, Germany, Spain, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden are also collaborating to the setting up of the DADI project.

Some results from the Horizon 2020’s UNICOM project (with no contractual obligations for EMA towards the UNICOM Consortium and the European Commission) also supported the DADI’s development; UNICOM is specifically targeted to ensure the availability of pan-European ISO IDMP compliant forms and IDMP implementation at national agencies.

The use of ISO IDMP rules is compulsory as for Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 520/2012 (articles 25 and 26) for both marketing authorisation holders (MAHs), EMA and member states. These standardised definitions for the identification and description of medicinal products for human use shall facilitate the reliable exchange of information between the different parties involved in the regulatory processes. However, it should be noted that ISO IDMP covers human medicinal products only, not veterinary ones, and refers to the entire product lifecycle, including development. This differs from the PMS module, which covers only the Authorised Medicinal product part of IDMP.

How the DADI interface works

EMA’s plan is to gradually replace during 2022 and 2023 all the eAF forms for the various types of regulatory procedures, starting with the variation form for human medicinal products, so to achieve the availability of standard product master data for human and veterinary medicinal products. It is important to note that both the old forms based on the PDF format and the new web-forms are “electronic application forms”; EMA warns to expect that “the web-based forms will still be called electronic application forms (eAF)”, while in DADI communications, reference can be made to web-based application forms to distinguish them from the current PDF-based eAFs.

The implementation of the FHIR data exchange standard shall make possible to generate human- readable output (PDF files, with an attached FHIR XML) as well as machine-readable output for digital processing. Exchangeable contents based on FHIR are called “resources”. They all share some common characteristics, including how they are defined and represented on the basis of reusable patterns of elements, a common set of metadata, and a human readable part.

Some form fields could also be pre-populated with available product master data from the PMS for human medicines and the Union Product Database (UPD) for veterinary ones, so to facilitate applicants with the filling of the form. Additional metadata may be included in the FHIR XML backbone in order to facilitate regulatory activities.

Users will be able to download forms containing relevant product data, but it won’t be possible to export only product data nor to perform bulk exports in the web UI. Digital signature tools should be used to sign the PDF rendition of the web-form (details will follow from EMA).

Other expected benefits include shorter times to load substances drop down lists and a lower administrative burden for regulators, so to speed up the validation of applications and lowering the number of errors and discrepancies.

The main expected changes

No changes in the process to apply for or submit marketing authorisation applications will occur following the implementation of the DADI project. The current PDF output will remain, as well as the content of the output form included in the application.

The DADI project was developed on the basis of the Safe Agile principles of the Network Portfolio, and it will impact both centralised, decentralised, mutual recognition and national procedures. Ownership of the new web-forms is shared between EMA and NCAs, to acknowledge the collaborative work done to develop them.

At the level of national competent authorities, the new FHIR compliant XML shall be implemented by NCAs which are currently using the PDF forms’ Extensible Markup Language (XML) functionalities.

Specific guidance, training and webinars on the use of the new variation form should be made available by EMA close to its final adoption. Support in the use of the new web-forms will be available through the EMA Service Desk; the existing eAF Maintenance Group shall also continue its activities and act as an expert body.

Access to the new DADI interface should be based on EMA’s Identity and Access Management (IAM) system, and make use of specific access privileges. Consultants may be granted access by marketing authorisation holders (MAHs) to all products from that MAH, or only to specific applications containing products.

EMA also clarifies that the new DADI portal will remain distinct from the IRIS platform supporting product-related scientific and regulatory procedures, and it will be governed differently.

The challenges for the industry

The challenges and opportunities for the pharmaceutical industry linked to the implementation of the new DADI interface by April 2023, at the end of the transition period, has been addressed by an article by Amy Williams in Pharmaceutical Online.

Namely, the decision to implement the DADI has overwritten the expected publication of the IDMP’s EU Implementation Guide 2.2, thus asking the industry an effort to redefine its priorities along its entire regulatory portfolio to include all types of EU procedures. Submission of structured PMS data should also be accelerated by the adoption of the DADI, thus asking for an improved approach to data capture and alignment across the entire company. The need to resubmit post-approval data using EMA’s Extended EudraVigilance Medicinal Product Dictionary (xEVMPD) should be also considered.

The new phase of the DADI implementation indicates that “full IDMP-based regulatory data exchange, via a system-to-system interface between pharmaceutical companies and EMA, now won’t come into effect any time soon”, writes Renato Rjavec in Pharmaceutical Technology Europe. Compliance to data granularity requirements of IDMP should also be ensured, together with the availability of tools to extract relevant information from complex IDMP data model to appropriately generate the xEVPRM format of data exchange.

EMA’s consultation on draft Q&As on remote certification of batches by QP

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

by Giuliana Miglierini

The last two years saw the implementation of a high degree of regulatory flexibility as a mean to respond to the many challenges posed by the travel bans consequent to the pandemic. After this “experimental” phase, regulatory authorities are now considering the possibility to allow the routine implementation of some remote procedures in the field of pharmaceutical production.

It is the case of the remote certification/confirmation of batches by the Qualified Person (QP): after the publication of a draft guideline in the form of Q&As (EMA/INS/169000/2022), the European Medicines Agency (EMA) has launched a short public consultation which will remain open up to 13 June 2022. Comments may be sent by email.

The guideline offers EMA’s point of view on the requirements for the physical attendance at the authorised manufacturing site applying to QPs in order to routinely run the remote certification of batches, outside emergency situations. The document has been drafted by the GMDP Inspectors Working Group; it is composed of four questions and their relative answers and it addresses some considerations arising from the experience gained on the application of the guidelines for human and veterinary medicines issued during the pandemic. These last ones were elaborated in cooperation between the European Commission, the Coordination group for Mutual recognition and Decentralised procedures – human (“CMDh”), the Inspectors Working Group, the Coordination group for Mutual recognition and Decentralised procedures – veterinary (“CMDv”) and EMA.

The Agency also warns that the contents proposed by new Q&As’ guideline may be subject to any other interpretation by the European Court of Justice, which is the ultimate responsible for the interpretation of the EU legislation.

The contents of the Q&As

The routine remote certification or confirmation of batches may in future apply to the activities carried out by the QPs within the EU and European Economic Area (EEA), with reference to manufactured or imported human and veterinary medicinal products and investigational medicinal products.

The first answer clarifies that it could be possible for the QP to routinely run remote batch certification or confirmation only if this type of practice is accepted by the relevant national competent authority (NCA) of the member state where the authorised site is located. To this instance, it should be noted that some NCAs may request some specific requirements to authorise the routine remote certification procedure, for example with reference to the location of the QPs.

Should the remote certification be allowed on a routine basis, specific requirements should be met in order to validate this practice, starting from its full compliance to the EU legislation and EU GMP guidelines.

The answer to question 2 specifies that all activities should take place in an EU/EEA country, and that the time spent by the QP at the authorised site should be commensurate with the risks related to the processes” hereby taking place. To this instance, it is of paramount importance the ability to demonstrate that the QP acting from remote has maintained full knowledge of the products, manufacturing processes and pharmaceutical quality system (PQS) involved in the remote certification/confirmation of batches. That also means that the QP should be highly reliant on the PQS of the authorised site, and this would be only possible by spending an adequate time on-site to verify the adequacy of the PQS with respect to the processes of interest. The pharmaceutical quality system should also include details of all the procedures used for the routine remote certification/confirmation of batches. The possible use of this type of remote procedure by the QP should be also clearly mentioned in the technical agreement governing the relationship between the authorisation holder and the QP, which should also specify all cases requiring the presence on-site of the QP. A robust IT infrastructure should be in place to guarantee the remote access of the QP to all the relevant documentation in the electronic format needed to achieve bath certification/confirmation, according to the provisions described in Annex 16 to the GMPs (Certification by a Qualified Person and Batch Release). To this instance, presence on-site should be always considered to solve issues that cannot properly be addressed from remote. The demonstration of the presence on-site of the QP falls under the responsibility of the Manufacturing/Importers Authorisation (MIA) holders.

These are also responsible to make available to the QPs all the hardware and software needed to guarantee the remote access to the relevant documentation (e.g. manufacturing executions systems, electronic batch records system, laboratory information systems etc.) as well as batch registers. All IT systems used for remote batch release should comply with the requirements of Annex 11 to the GMP (Computerised Systems).

On the same basis, it should be possible for NCAs to contemporaneously access for inspection all documentation and batch registers involved in routine remote certification/confirmation at the authorised site of batch release. MIA holders should also guarantee the QP is the only allowed person to access the batch certification/confirmation function and batch register, that the transferred data are complete and unchanged, and that an adequate system for electronic signatures is in place.

Question 3 simply clarifies that some members states may have some specific requirements about the country of residence of the QP, for example it should be the same where the authorised site involved in the remote certification procedure is located.

The last question discusses technical requirements linked to IT-security and data integrity for remote access, a type of procedure presenting a higher intrinsic risk in comparison to the same activities carried on-site. Here again, the main reference is Annex 11; all equipment and software used for remote certification of batches should always reflect the current technological developments.

Among the suggestions made by the Q&A draft guideline is the precise identification of all hardware transferred off-site to the QP, that should be inventoried and kept updated. Hard disks should be encrypted, and ports not required, disabled.

Attention should also be paid to the configuration of any virtual private network (VPN) used by the QP to improve the security of the connection to the IT infrastructure of the authorised site and to prevent unauthorised accesses. Authentication should be based on recognised industry standards (e.g. two-factor or multifactor authentication, with automatic date of expiry). The transfer of data should be secured by strong transport encryption protocols; assignment of individual privileges and technical controls falls under the responsibility of the MIA holder